Distemper is transmitted through urine, feces, vomit and secretions, and can be transmitted by raccoons. It causes flu-like symptoms followed by damage to the liver and nervous system, causing seizures, difficulty walking, and is almost always fatal.
Canine Hepatitis is transmitted through bodily fluids and secretions. It causes severe liver damage that is almost always fatal.
Canine Parvovirus is transmitted through feces, and vomit, and causes severe diarrhea with vomiting. With intensive care and appropriate medications, many patients can be saved, but without treatment it is usually fatal.
Canine Parainfluenza is transmitted through bodily fluids and secretions, and causes mild to severe respiratory disease (coughing, sneezing, pneumonia)
Rabies is transmitted through bodily fluids, usually from a bite wound, and can infect many different warm-blooded animals. Rabies infects the nervous system and causes behaviour changes, paralysis and eventual death.
Bordetella (Kennel Cough) is caused by a combination of virus and bacteria and is transmitted through casual contact as well as through the air. It causes a cough that can vary from mild to severe and may even progress to pneumonia in some cases. Almost all patients recover but it could require a trip to the veterinarian for some medication. Natural immunity is not very long-lasting, so vaccination is still recommended if your dog has had kennel cough.
Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection transmitted through urine of many wild animals, and contaminated water (puddles, ponds etc). It damages the liver and kidneys, causing vomiting, inappetance, excessive drinking and urination. Recovery is possible if antibiotics and other treatments are started before the major organs are damaged too much. Many patients continue to have kidney impairment for the rest of their lives after recovering from leptospirosis.
Lyme Disease is transmitted by certain species of ticks. It causes variable signs including lethargy, vomiting, lameness and joint swelling, and sometimes kidney disease. It is not usually fatal, but can cause chronic joint pain or kidney disease. Lyme disease is more prevalent in some areas of Canada and the USA, so your pet’s travel plans will dictate if this vaccination is necessary or not. Tick prevention is a good way to reduce your pet’s risk of lyme disease in our area.